A notice from AD 22 records that Julia Augusta Livia dedicated a statue to Augustus in the center of Rome, placing her own name even before that of Tiberius. He and Livia formed the role model for Roman households.
Sometime between 1 and 14, her husband Lucius Aemilius Paullus was executed as a conspirator in a revolt. In Antony and Cleopatra by Colleen McCulloughLivia is portrayed as a cunning and effective advisor to her husband, whom she loves passionately.
Julia died in 29 AD on the same island where she had been sent in exile twenty years earlier. In 40 BC, the family was forced to flee Italy in order to avoid the Triumvirate of Octavian later AugustusMarcus Aemilius Lepidus and Mark Antony and the proscriptions they began; and as did many of those proscribed they joined with a son of Pompey MagnusSextus Pompeiuswho was fighting the triumvirate from his base in Sicily.
She was probably married in 43 BC. Nevertheless, Livia and Augustus remained married for the next 51 years, despite the fact that they had no children apart from a single miscarriage. Legend said that Octavian fell immediately in love with her, despite the fact that he was still married to Scribonia.
Gaius Rubellius Plautus33—62, had several children  b. In the will, he also adopted her into the Julian family and granted her the honorific title of Augusta. Augustus and Livia married on 17 A review of livia empress of rome by matthew dennison, waiving the traditional waiting period.
Livia would set the pattern for the noble Roman matrona. This version of Livia is in fact the daughter of Xenaraised by Augustus to be the military champion of Rome.
She always enjoyed the status of privileged counselor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies, an unusual role for a Roman wife in a culture dominated by the pater familias.
Livia had always been a principal beneficiary of the climate of adulation that Augustus had done so much to create, and which Tiberius despised "a strong contempt for honours", Tacitus, Annals 4.
Livia exercised unofficial but very real power in Rome. A heavily fictionalized version of Livia appeared in the 5th and 6th seasons of Xena: Her Villa ad Gallinas Albas north of Rome is currently being excavated; its famous frescoes of imaginary garden views may be seen at National Museum of Rome.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Rubellia Bassaborn between 33 and 38, had at least one child  i.
However, this portrait of her is balanced by her intense devotion to the well-being of the Empire as a whole, and her machinations are justified as a necessarily cruel means to what she firmly considers a noble aspiration: In his will, he left one third of his property to Livia, and the other two thirds to Tiberius.
At the beginning of his reign Tiberius vetoed the unprecedented title Mater Patriae "Mother of the Fatherland" that the Senate wished to bestow upon her, in the same manner in which Augustus had been named Pater Patriae "Father of the Fatherland"  Tiberius also consistently refused the title of Pater Patriae for himself.
The diminutive Drusilla often found in her name suggests that she was a second daughter. The most famous of these rumors was that Livia, unable to poison his food in the kitchens because Augustus insisted on only eating figs picked fresh from his garden, smeared each fruit with poison while still on the tree to pre-empt him.
Augustus rejected monarchical titles, instead choosing to refer to himself as Princeps Civitatis "First Citizen of the State" or Princeps Senatus "First among the Senate". Descendants[ edit ] Although her marriage with Augustus produced only one pregnancy, which miscarried, through her sons by her first husband, Tiberius and Drususshe is a direct ancestor of all of the Julio-Claudian emperors as well as most of the extended Julio-Claudian imperial family.
Determined never to allow republican governance to flower again, as she felt they led to corruption and civil war, and devoted to bringing Tiberius to power and then maintaining him there, she is involved in nearly every death or disgrace in the Julio-Claudian family up to the time of her death.
Her first child, the future Emperor Tiberiuswas born in 42 BC. She was the first woman to appear on provincial coins in 16 BC and her portrait images can be chronologically identified partially from the progression of her hair designs, which represented more than keeping up with the fashions of the time as her depiction with such contemporary details translated into a political statement of representing the ideal Roman woman.
When someone asked her how she had obtained such a commanding influence over Augustus, she answered that it was by being scrupulously chaste herself, doing gladly whatever pleased him, not meddling with any of his affairs, and, in particular, by pretending neither to hear nor to notice the favourites of his passion.
Dupondius depicting Livia as Pietas. The first divorce left Tiberius a fosterchild at the house of Octavian; the second left Tiberius with a lasting emotional scar, since he had been forced to abandon the woman he loved for dynastic considerations.
Octavius Laenas, had at least one child. Dio records two of her utterances: She was named Diva Augusta The Divine Augustaand an elephant-drawn chariot conveyed her image to all public games. In 35 BC Octavian gave Livia the unprecedented honour of ruling her own finances and dedicated a public statue to her.
Becoming more than the "beautiful woman" she is described as in ancient texts, Livia serves as a public image for the idealization of Roman feminine qualities, a motherly figure, and eventually a goddesslike representation that alludes to her virtue.
Livia played a vital role in the formation of her children Tiberius and Drusus. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
This led to open compassion for the fallen family. Tacitus charges that Livia was not altogether innocent of these deaths  and Cassius Dio also mentions such rumours.Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.
Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get back words like "gazellephant" and "gorilldebeest". Livia Drusilla (Classical Latin: Livia•Drvsilla, Livia•Avgvsta; 30 January 58 BC – 28 September 29 AD), also known as Julia Augusta after her formal adoption into the Julian family in AD 14, was the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus throughout his reign, as well as his adviser.
She was the mother of the emperor Tiberius, paternal grandmother. Agrippina the Younger attained a level of power in first-century Rome unprecedented for a woman. According to ancient sources, she achieved her success by plotting against her brother, the emperor Caligula, murdering her husband, the emperor Claudius, and controlling her son, the emperor Nero, by sleeping with him.Download