Third, and most important, researchers should verify that participants have a realistic understanding of the clinical trial Ethical concerns about oocyte donation for research Concerns about oocyte donation specifically for research are particularly serious in the wake of the Hwang scandal in South Korea, in which widely hailed claims of deriving human SCNT lines were fabricated.
From a therapeutic standpoint, the HESCs obtained from leftover IVF embryos are not genetically diverse enough to address the problem of immune rejection by recipients of stem cell transplants. This entails the creation of embryos through in vitro fertilization. Therefore, they believe any research that necessitates the destruction of a human embryo to be morally abhorrent.
There is a heightened need to protest moral wrongs where those wrongs are socially and legally accepted. National Academies Press Ethical and policy issues in research involving human participants.
National Institutes of Health July 17, Because these concerns about consent for sensitive downstream research also apply to other types of stem cells, it would be prudent to put in place similar standards for consent to donate materials for derivation of other types of stem cells.
These materials could be deidentified and then used by researchers. Some would reply, however, that this argument is based on a view about the moral status of embryos that needs to be fully established.
Because of these restrictions on NIH funding, a number of states have established programs to fund stem cell research, including the derivation of new embryonic stem cell lines. For these reasons, cloning for reproductive purposes is widely considered morally wrong and is illegal in a number of states.
Some IVF practices have a policy to discard such embryos and inform patients of this policy when they give consent for the IVF procedures. According to his views trees or the environment are not themselves morally harmed by their destruction.
To protect information from subpoena, investigators should obtain a federal Certificate of Confidentiality. Potential is very context-dependent, and it may not make sense to talk simply about the potential of something. Some opponents of HESC research hold that the treatment of human embryos as mere research tools always fails to manifest proper respect for them.
I am not convinced by the notion that embryos are worthy of the same respect as human beings. Opponents of stem cell research hold that human life begins as soon as an egg is fertilized, and they consider a human embryo to be a human being.
If a life is lost, we tend to feel differently about it depending on the stage of the lost life. The doctrine of informed consent requires researchers to discuss with potential participants information that is pertinent to their decision to volunteer for the clinical trial Since the Nuremburg Code, informed consent has been regarded as a basic requirement for research with human subjects.
Files containing the identities of persons whose gametes or embryos were used to derive hESC lines should be protected through heightened security measures Commercial insurance policies are available to cover short-term complications of oocyte retrieval.
They would hold that the observation made above about people who are temporarily unconscious does not necessarily make the required case. So there is more beneficence than there is harm.
Am J Bioeth 7: Finally, some people regard repugnance per se an unconvincing guide to ethical judgments. As discussed in Section B. For example, even if we say formation of the nervous system marks the start of personhood, we still would not say a patient who has lost nerve cells in a stroke has become less human.
NBAC has recommended that Congress rescind, in part, the current ban on the use of federal funds for embryo research. By taking embryonic stem cells out of an early embryo, we prevent the embryo from developing in its normal way. Three types of concern have been expressed about this argument: Some of the influences on the scientific agenda originate within science itself; others originate in the preferences, values, and aspirations of those who sponsor or finance scientific research.
However, use of fetal tissue is ethically controversial because it is associated with abortion, which many people object to.Despite the potential stem-cell research holds, many people across the world find it controversial and raise various ethical issues that prevent the research.
Apr 14, · Human stem cell research raises some ethical issues that are beyond the mission of institutional review boards (IRBs) to protect human subjects, as well as the expertise of IRB members.
There should be a sound scientific justification for using human oocytes and embryos to derive new human stem cell lines.
White paper. In latetwo separate scientific reports brought to the forefront the scientific and clinical prospects of human ES cell research as well as the ethical and legal challenges reflected, in part, by Congress's existing ban on the use of federal funds for embryo research.
In the article, Ethics of Stem Cell Research (Siegel, A., Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Spring), the ethical dilemma of confidentiality in research pales in comparison to the dilemma posed in destroying human embryonic cells.
Ethics of Stem Cell Research First published Fri Apr 25, ; substantive revision Mon Jan 28, Human embryonic stem cell (HESC) research offers much hope for alleviating the human suffering brought on by the ravages of disease and injury. The cons of stem cell research are the use of stem cells and the ethical issues associated with using embryos to harvest cells for research.
Another disadvantage of stem cell research is the idea that we as humans are on the verge of playing God by creating life.Download