The battle of salamis essay

The Hellenes are not able to hold out against you for a long time, but you will scatter them, and they will each flee to their own cities. Do not, O king, make the Persians the laughing-stock of the Greeks, for if you have suffered harm, it is by no fault of the Persians.

In the resulting Battle of Thermopylae, the rearguard of the Greek force was annihilated, whilst in the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks had heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae. Xerxes had obviously not anticipated such resistance, or he would have arrived earlier in the campaigning season and not waited 4 days at Thermopylae for the Greeks to disperse.

The Greeks were experts at naval battle because of where they lived.

The Greeks were led by an Athenian politician name Themistocles. Herodotus got the majority of information from eyewitnesses and old soldiers. To block the Persian advance, a small force of Greeks blocked the pass of Thermopylae, while an Athenian-dominated Allied navy engaged the Persian fleet in the nearby straits of Artemisium.

If you do not hurry to fight at sea, but keep your ships here and stay near land, or even advance into the Peloponnese, then, my lord, you will easily accomplish what you had in mind on coming here. Since they were not planning to flee after all, the Allies would have been able to spend the night preparing for battle, and after a speech by Themistocles, the marines boarded and the ships made ready to sail.

When it was not windy oars moved it. Much of this centres on the suggestion, from Herodotus, that the Allied ships were heavier, and by implication less maneuverable. He was successful in persuading them. It is called the Battle of Salamis because it was fought near the Greek island of Salamis.

Nor can you say that we have anywhere done less than brave men should, and if Phoenicians and Egyptians and Cyprians and Cilicians have so done, it is not the Persians who have any part in this disaster.

However, the following year, the remainder of the Persian army was decisively beaten at the Battle of Plataea and the Persian navy at the Battle of Mycale.

If then you so desire, let us straightway attack the Peloponnese, or if it pleases you to wait, that also we can do He kept on trying to convince Athens to go to war. As a result Xerxes retreated to Asia with much of his army, leaving Mardonius to complete the conquest of Greece.

Most triremes had a crew of and about of the men on the trireme were at the oars. As a result of subterfuge on the part of Themistocles, the Persian navy sailed into the Straits of Salamis and tried to block both entrances.

It was won by the Greeks whom were much better at sea battle than the Persians who were used to fighting on land. It had sails for when it was windy.

It is not entirely clear what this was, but it probably involved rowing into gaps between enemy ships and then ramming them in the side.

E and was proclaimed a hero by the Athenians because of what he did to serve the polis of Athens. It was hard to find many people to recall the battle because most of them were already dead.

Although heavily outnumbered, the Greek Allies were persuaded by the Athenian general Themistocles to bring the Persian fleet to battle again, in the hope that a victory would prevent naval operations against the Peloponessus.

The Persians had one king who was in charge of everything and this spooked the Greeks because they went through a time ruled by one person and it did not turn out well for them. The Persian king Xerxes was also anxious for a decisive battle.

Battle of Salamis

Artemisia suggested that fighting at sea was an unnecessary risk, recommending instead: He counted them at break of day— And when the sun set where were they? The Battle of Salamis is so important because of how it was fought and how easily one of the greatest military powers of the time was defeated.Pre-Battle During August BCE Athenians fled to the Island of Salamis after the Greek loss at the Battle of Thermopylae whilst Persian forces ravished their city Athens.

Joined by the remaining Greek fleet after their Battle in Artemisium with the Athenian commander Themistocles. The Battle of Salamis (/ Plutarch criticised Herodotus in his essay "On the Malignity of Herodotus", describing Herodotus as "Philobarbaros " (barbarian-lover), for not being pro-Greek enough, which suggests that Herodotus might actually have done a reasonable job of being even-handed.

Find essays and research papers on Battle of Salamis at We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community. The Battle of Salamis (Naumachia tes Salaminos) was fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in September B.

C., in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens.

History Essay: The Battle Of Salamis

The Greeks prepared for Battle, after receiving a forceful report form the Tenians. Shortly after Themistocles addressed his army, they were ordered to be ready for departure, just before they disembarked Sons of Aeacus joined the fleet. The Persians were all over the Greeks after a moment of their 4/4(2).

Below is an essay on "Battle of Salamis" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Many battles and conflicts, which have occurred throughout the course of history, have been responsible for shaping the civilizations of the 21st century.

The battle of salamis essay
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